Inazo Nitobe (新渡戸稲造) Bushido (1900)

Published by Hiromi Nishiwaki on


Inazo Nitobe

Nitobe Inazō (新渡戸 稲造, September 1, 1862 – October 15, 1933) was a Japanese agricultural economist, author, educator, diplomat, politician, and Christian during the pre-World War II period.

Nitobe was born in Morioka, Mutsu Province (present-day Iwate Prefecture).
His father was a retainer to the local daimyō of the Nanbu clan. His infant name was Inanosuke.
Nitobe left Morioka for Tokyo in 1871 to become the heir to his uncle, Ōta Tokitoshi , and adopted the name Ōta Inazō.
He later reverted to Nitobe when his brothers died.


Bushido: The Soul of Japan (1900) Bushido: The Soul of Japan is a book written by Inazo Nitobe exploring the way of the samurai. It was published in 1900.

Nitobe originally wrote Bushido: The Soul of Japan in English (1899), in Monterey, California, though according to the book's preface it was written in Malvern, Pennsylvania.

The book was not translated into Japanese until it had been popular in the English-speaking world for several years.

As Japan underwent deep transformations of its traditional lifestyle and military while becoming a modern nation, Nitobe engaged in an inquiry into the ethos of his nation, and the result of his meditations was this seminal work.
A fine stylist in English, he wrote many books in that language, which earned him a place among the best known Japanese writers of his age.

He found in Bushido, the Way of the Warrior, the sources of the seven virtues most admired by his people: rectitude, courage, benevolence, politeness, sincerity, honor and loyalty.




Nitobe Garden Nitobe Japanese Garden at the University of British Columbia, Canada Nitobe Memorial Garden is considered one of the most authentic Japanese gardens outside of Japan. “I am in Japan. ” These words were spoken by Emperor Akihito—as he walked through the garden.

In October 1933, Nitobe attended a conference in Banff, Alberta, of the Institute of Pacific Relations, where the background and research papers from the Japanese delegation largely defended Japanese expansionist policies.


On his way home from the conference, Nitobe's pneumonia took a turn for the worse and was rushed to the Royal Jubilee Hospital in Victoria, British Columbia, Canada. Following an operation he died on October 15, 1933.


Morioka, Nitobe's birthplace, and Victoria have been sister cities since 1985. Mary Elkinton Nitobe lived in Japan until her death in 1938. Mary compiled and edited many of Nitobe's unpublished manuscripts, including his memoirs of early childhood, and contributed greatly to the preservation of his writings.


His portrait was featured on the Series D of ¥5000 banknote, printed from 1984 to 2004.

Nitobe Memorial Garden





Mary Elkinton (Nitobe's wife) English: Mary Elkinton (Nitobe's wife) 日本語: メアリー・エルキントン(新渡戸稲造の妻)


English: Taisho and Pre-war Showa eras(1912-1945) 日本語: 大正・昭和戦前期

Source English: Japanese book "Recollection of Morioka from the Attic" published by Kokusho-kankoukai. 日本語: 国書刊行会「蔵から出てきた盛岡」より。

Author English: Shinjun Nara(1871-1940)


Thanks to Mary Elkinton, for supporting Nitobe. メアリーさん、新渡戸さんを支えてくれてありがとう。

Le bushido est le code des principes moraux que les samouraïs japonais étaient tenus d'observer et un des éléments universalisables de l'identité japonaise.En plus, Je crois que ces codes sont des éléments nobles pour tous les êtres humains du monde.


Puisque je suis japonais et  personnellement de la famille des samouraïs (Seiwa Genji - Empereur Seiwa décendant, je me sens honoré de pratiquer le Bushido. Peut-être que je suis onna Bugeisha. trop forté pour les hommes! lol


 l'étiquette samouraï est universelle , Droiture (義), Courage (勇), Bienveillance,(仁), Politsse (礼), Sincérité 誠 , Honneur 名誉, Loyauté 忠義. Aujourd'hui, nous, humains, n'accordons pas beaucoup d'importance à l'éthique et à la morale. et je crois que le code bushido nous aidera à être un adulte décipliné.


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Hiromi Nishiwaki

Office Flora "JAPANOPHILE " Promotion was founded as a Japanese culture Research firm in 2017. We provide exciting information on Japanese Art and Culture and offer intellectual excitements though the prism of Hiromi Nishiwaki. We provide deep insights about Japanese traditional culture and Art from a Western perspective while keeping the core concepts from the Japanese Spiritual and traditional values intact. Our mission is to contribute to world happiness and prosperity.

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